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MIGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT

MIGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT

 HISTORY AND LOCATION:

Miga Local Government was created in 1996 by the military regime of General Sani Abacha. It was curved out from Jahun Local Government which was then one of the largest Local Governments in Jigawa State. It is comprised of two (2) districts: Miga and Zareku. The dominant ethnic groups are Hausa and Fulani, all of which are generally Muslims.  The Local Government is one of the 27 Local Governments that constitute Jigawa State as well as one of the seven Local Government areas that constitute Jigawa central senatorial district. Miga Local Government is situated in the central part of the state. It is bordered on its north by Taura and Kaugama Local Governments, to the east by Auyo and Kafin Hausa Local Governments and to the south and west by Jahun Local Government.

TOPHOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE:

Miga Local Government has a total land mass of about 650 square kilometers which is generally made up of Sudan savannah of the Chad formation.

The Local Government has a sizeable portion of land that is covered by ponds, streams and rivers which makes its area very conducive for farming, cattle rearing, fishing and irrigation.

In terms of climatic conditions, the Local Government has a tropical climate common to that of  most parts of the state which is typically made-up of rainy season (may – September) and hamatan during which one sees a lot of haze in the atmosphere  (Oct – April). There are wide and rapid changes in temperature and humidity. Temperature of 36°c is common especially from the month of March to September and could be as low as 18°c during the hamatan season. The annual rain fall range is from 650mm to 1000mm per annum.

DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION:

Based on the 1991 population census, Miga Local Government has a population of 82,757. This was made up of 40, 539 (49%) males and 42,218 (51%) females. But by the recent census of 2006, Miga Local Government has a population of 128,434 consisting of 64,532 (50%) males and 63,902(49.8%) females.

In terms of population distribution, the population is predominantly rural in nature with 20% residing in bigger villages such as Miga, Dangyatin, Sabon Gari and Tsakuwawa. The average house hold size is about 5.5 with most of the houses headed by males. The overall literacy level compared with neighboring Local Governments is low. Agriculture is the dominant economic activity of the people providing about 80% of employment.

FISCAL PROFILE

Major sources for the financing of public expenditure are Statutory Allocation from the federation account, value added Tax, and Internally Generated Revenue (IGR). Other sources include special grants from the    Federal and State Governments, such as ecological grants and emergency relief grants.    

The Local Government maintains a balanced budget policy by ensuring that it lives within its means. That means resources must be efficiently managed to ensure prudence and value for money. Under the balanced budget policy, incomes are effectively and efficiently managed so that no budget deficit is recorded as there is always a conscious effort to streamline income and expenditure. The major expenditure components include capital expenditure in development project, recurrent expenditure including personnel cost in form of salaries and overhead cost. 

 

  STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT

The existence and functions of Local Government as third tier of government are provided for in part I section 3 (6) and 7 (1) of part II of the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1991. It is a government created and backed up by established laws with a view to carry certain functions at the local level. Being closer to the people, local government administration makes people feel more comfortable, with a sense of belonging and normally devoid of political bickering as local population are largely homogeneous. Local government brings people particularly in rural areas much closer to the government.

 

POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Miga Local Government is one of the seven Local Governments that formed the Jigawa Central Sectional zone which paired Jahun to form Jahun/Miga Federal Constituency.

 Miga Local Government is also composed of two districts Miga and Zareku. Miga District has thirteen (13) village Heads while Zareku has ten (10)

 

 

 

  MIGA DISTRICT                                                    ZAREKU DISTRICT

 

1. Miga                                                                            1. Zareku

2. Agufa                                                                           2. Koya

3. Hantsu                                                                         3. Sansani

4. Sabon garin Takanebu                                                4. Maduga

5. Tsagaiwa                                                                      5. Dangyatin

6. Jamaga                                                                         6. Yanduna

7. Tsakuwawa                                                                 7. Aduchuwa

8. Nasarawa                                                                     8. Garbo

9. Kigawa                                                                         9. Takalafia

10. Damaganawa                                                            10. Burji

11. Sarawuya

12. Gululu

13. Gwari

 

                                                                              

    Miga Local Government has a total of 86 policy units and 10 wards, which include Miga, Sabon Gari, Hantsu, Tsakuwawa, Yanduna, Dangyatin, Garbo, Zareku, Sansani and Koya. Each of the wards produces a councilor who sits in the council. 

The Local Government is headed by an elected chairman assisted by a vice and the secretary who oversees all the administration affairs. Other senior staffs are: Director Personal Management, Director Planning, Research And Statistics, Treasurer, Head of Department for Works, Community, Agric and Health. Deputy Directors, Deputy Heads of Departments, Sectional Heads and other Administrative and Technical Personnel.

At lower level cadre are other supporting staff including messengers, attendants and cleaners.

As at October 2009 Miga Local Government has a staff strength of 428, including 23 members of the council whose composition are the Chairman, Vice Chairman, Secretary, Elected Councilors, Advisory Councilors and Advisers.

S/N

DEPARTMENT

NO. OF STAFF

1

Planning, Research and Statistics

41

2

Personnel Management

66

3

Treasury

41

4

Medical and Health

94

5

Agric and Natural Resources

46

6

Works and Housing

63

7

Community and Social Development

54

8

Chairman ,V.C, Sec, Elected and Advisory Councilors and advisers

23

 

                                                    TOTAL

428

 

NATURAL RESOURCES

 

Miga Local Government, being located along the bank of the Hadejia-Nguru flood plain wet land, occupies a very large area of fertile land covered by ponds, streams and rivers. The nature of the land is arable and capable of both rainy and dry season farming. Dry season is favored by the nature of the area, which has a low water table that makes the drilling of shallow tube well economically feasible (10-15m) deep to complement the surface water from the river .

The seasonal temperature of about 25ºC makes production of vegetables such as tomatoes, pepper, onion, water melon etc, as well wheat at commercial quantity a profitable business in the area. On the other hand the hot temperature of the wet season (33ºC) which lasts from March to September and an average rainfall of 650mm favourably supports the production of cash and food crops such as rice, maize, cowpea, millet, sorghum, sesame etc, in large quantities.

The nature of vegetation (Sudan Savanna), free from Tsetse fly, and with vast grassland for grassing makes livestock production easier and in large scale. Common livestock include cattle, sheep, goats and poultry.

In addition, fishing and fish processing activities are common and employ a large proportion of the labour force.

 INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

Almost 70% of the population is engaged in Agriculture as a means of livelihood. Common crops which include millet, groundnut, sorghum, sesame and rice are produced in large quantities.

About 100% of the land is arable with large portion of it lying along Hadejia-Nguru River, giving the opportunity for irrigation farming mostly for vegetables such as tomatoes, pepper, onion, water melon etc, and as well as wheat and rice at commercial levels. There is also a high commitment on the Local Government Council to support agricultural development to achieve higher productivity. Hantsu irrigation scheme initiated by the Local Government is a good example of wheat production scheme from which rural farmers are tremendously benefiting.

 Livestock and fish production are tremendous potentials for economic empowerment and avenues for improvement in the nutritional diets of average households. The weekly Wednesday and Friday markets at Dangyatin and Sansani respectively and the neighboring Sunday market of Gujungu and Tuesday market at Kafin Hausa are very popular markets as produce and livestock buyers come from as faraway places as Lagos, Sokoto, Jalingo Port Harcourt etc, on weekly basis throughout the year to buy grains and livestock for export. That means there is a readily available market for farmers to market their products which is a very good potential for economic growth and development.

 It is therefore our hope that having seen the potentials around and indeed the favorable productive atmosphere prevailing, investor will show interest and join hands in exploiting the vast resources at full scale in this  Local Government.  

 

                                                                         HEAD:         CHAIRMAN

CONTACT: MIGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT, MIGA

JIGAWA STATE

 

Email: miga@jigawastate.gov.ng