There is no gainsaying the fact that a plethora of achievements were recorded by the Jigawa State Judiciary under the able pioneer Chief Judge and Chairman of the Judicial Service Commission characterizing the early years of take-off were gradually but efficiently handled and solved.
The Jigawa State Judiciary started with only four (4) High Court Judges and two (2) Kadis of the Jigawa State Origin deployed from the old Kano State. At the lower bench, there were only six (6) Resident Magistrates and fourty-eight (48) Area CourtAlkalis.
However in a remarkable upsurge in the annals of man power provision by the Jigawa State Judiciary, three (3) distinguished legal luminaries were elevated and sworn in as Judges of the High Court in January, 1994. They were:-
- Hon. Justice Mukhtar Adamu
- Hon. Justice Umar Maigari
- Late Hon. Justice Modibbo Abubakar (of blessed memory).
With these new appointments, the number of Judicial Divisions of the Jigawa State High Court were increased to five (5), the two new Judicial Divisions being Gumel and Ringim. In the same vein, three (3) eminent scholars were appointed and sworn in as Kadis of the Sharia Court of Appeal in August, 1992. They were:-
- Hon. Kadi Muhammad Tahir (Former Grand Kadi) of blessed memory
- Hon. Kadi Ahmed Tanimu Roni (Former Grand Kadi)
- Hon. Kadi Jazuli Nuhu (of blessed memory).
These appointments in the two departments of the Judiciary, namely the High Court and Sharia Court of Appeal, set the first phase of the developmental stride in the higher bench of the Judiciary. The number of the High Court Judges had thus increased from four to seven; and that of Kadis from two to five. In 1996, the number of the Hon. Kadis was reduced to four (4) as a result of the secondment of one of the Kadis (in person of the Hon. Kadi
Judges ofthe High Court namely:-
- Hon. Justice Ahmed Muhd. Nakullum (Rtd)
- Hon. Justice Abubakar Sabo Tahir (Rtd.)
The situation was replicated in the Sharia Court of Appeal. This is because as at 2007, the Sharia Court of Appeal had as many as nine Kadis of enviable and scholarly resourcefulness. The impact of the growth in the Judiciary was felt not only within the state and the nation but beyond. The secondment of Hon. Justice Abubakar Sabo Tahir to the Gambian Judiciary in 2001 as the Gambian Chief Judge attested to this. With the retirement of pioneer Chief Judge, Hon. Justice Tijjani
Abubakar OFR, in December, 2009, and the retirement of two other
There are at present six Judges currently serving in the state Judiciary. They are:-
- Hon. Justice Mukhtar Adamu - New Chief Judge -Headquarters
- Hon. Justice Umar Maigari Kazaure Division
- Hon. Justice Aminu Sabo Ringim - Gumel Division
- Hon. Justice Ahmed Isa Gumel - Ringim Division
- Hon. Justice Umar Maigari Sadiq - BlKudu Division
- Hon. Justice Ubale Ahmed Taura - HadejiaDivision.
There are, however, nine serving Kadis of the Sharia Court of Appeal, including the Hon. Grand kadi, all based in Dutse.
- Hon. Kadi Munir Mustapha Grandi Kadi
- Hon. Kadi Muhammad InuwaAli
- Hon. Kadi Bashir Ahmed Birnin kudu
- Hon. Kadi Sulaiman Abdullahi
- Hon. Kadi Murtala Ahmad
- Hon. Kadi Umar Muhd. Dutse
- Hon. Kadi Bashir Idris Hussain
- Hon. Kadi Isa Jibrin Gantsa .
- Hon. Kadi Umar Muhd. Ahmad
On the management cycle, the High Court of justice has so far witnessed five (5) Chief Registrars, namely: -
- Hon. Justice Modibbo Abubakar (of blessed memory) 1991-1995
- Hon. Justice Ali Babandi Abubakar Gumel (now eminent Justice of the Court of Appeal) 1995 - 1996.
- Hon. Justice Aminu Sabo Ringim (now Judge of the High Court) 1996-2000.
- A. Hon. Justice Ubale Ahmed Taura (now a Judge ofthe High Court) 2000-2007.
- Alh. Abdulhadi Y. Suleiman, 2007 to date.
The Sharia Court of Appeal has the following Chief Registrars: -
- Alh. UmarShehu(of blessed memory) 1991-1995
- Hon. Grand Kadi Munir Mustapha (now Grand Kadi) 1996 - 1997.
- Alh. Haruna Hashim Gumel1997 to date.
On the lower bench, the number of Magistrates had grown from six (6) to seventeen (17). They are:-
- A'isha Ahmed Babura C.M.C. Dutse I
- Saidu safiyanu Umar C.M.C. Hadejia
- Mustapha Datti Sa'ad- C.M.C. Kiyawa
- Auwalu Sani Balago C.M.C. Jahun
- Tijjani Garba Ringim C.M.C. Gwaram
- Amina Dahiru- C.M.C. Kazaure
- Nuraddeen Umar Shehu- C.M.C. Gumel
- Muhammad Musa Kaugama C.M.C. Taura
- Batula Dauda C.M.C. Babura
- Sa'adan Muhammed Habeeb- C.M.C. KlHausa
- Usman Muhammad Lamin- C.M.C. Maigatari
- Akil Ismail Jahun C.M.C. B/kudu
- Nuhu Dawaki Aminu C.M.C. K/kasamma
- Abdullahi Ibrahim Aliyu C.M.C.Roni
- Mustapha Tijjani- C.M.C. Dutse 2
- Bashir Adamu C.M.C. Dutse 2
This is besides other most senior Magistrates who form part of the Administrative staff of the High Court headed by the Chief Registrar Alh.Abdulhadi Yelwa Suleiman. They are:-
- Ahmed Muhammed Abubakar - DCR, High Court
- Ado YusifBlKudu - DIL, High Court
- MusaAhmed - D/Works, High Court
- Musa Ubale - DPM juvenile Magistrate
- Isa Sa'idu Miga - DPRS & Library.
The number of Sharia Court Judges has also doubled within the 18 years from inception. There are presently over seventy (70) various grades of the Sharia, Court Judges serving in various Courts throughout the state, as follows: -
- Jazuli Rabi'u - U.S. Alkali Babura Upper Sharia Court
- Ibrahim Y.Harbo - U.S. Alkali Blkudu Sharia Court
- YusufMagaji Roni - U.S. Alkali Dutse Sharia Court
- Safiyani Muhd. Idris - U.S. Alkali Garki Sharia Court
- Abbas S.Abubakar - U.S. Alkali GUIDel Sharia Court
- BalaAli - U.S. Alkali GRM Sharia Court
- Haruna Muhd. Abba - U.S. Alkali Hadejia Sharia Court
- Saidu DaudaHaruna - U.S. Alkali JHN USC
- Garba Ibrahim - U.S. Alkali KHS USC
- Hassan Sani Shatsari - U.S. Alkali KZR USC
- O/S - U.S. Alkali BNW USC
- ImamMuhd.Kila - U.S. Alkali RNG USC
- SafiyanuMuhd. Dabi H. S.Alkali BBR HSC
- Hudu Hassan - U.S. Alkali BKD HSC Q)
- IbrahimA. Ya'u. - U.S. Alkali DUT HSC
- Musa Muhd. - U.S. Alkali GRK HSC "'
- Umar NAhmad U.S. AlkaliGML HSC
- Sani HamisuAbbdullahi - U.S. Alkali GRM HSC
- NuhuAbdullahi - U.S. Alkali HDJ HSC u
- Muntaka Usman - U.S. Alkali JHN HSC.
- AbdulrashidAlhassan - U.S. Alkali KZR HSC "
- Aliyu Jibrin - U.S. Alkali MMR HSC
- Talle Idris Bello - U.S. Alkali KYW HSC
- Safiyanu Ya'uKiri - U.S. Alkali KHS HSC
- Auwalu Da azumi - U.S. Alkali MGR HSC
- NuhuAdamu Umar - U.S. Alkali RNG HSC
- Ismaila Sani - U.S. Alkali RRN HSC
- Aminu MusaAbubakar - On course
- SalisuAbdullahi UmarS.A. - U.S. Alkali Amaryawa SC
- Sulaimanlmam Taura " Aujara SC
- Abdulkadir Vsman " Auyo SC
- Bashir Abdullahi Fiji " Fagam SC
- Idirs Musa Fagam " Bulangu SC
- MuhmudDahiru " BNW SC
- AbduAbubakar " Gantsa SC
- NasiruA. Zargina " ChaiChai SC
- SalisuAdo " Dabi SC
- SaniHabuGumel " Danzomo SC
- Ya'uSule " DuT SC
- Muhd. D. Saleh " GGW SC
- Dahiru Imam Taura " Aujara SC
- Kabiru Muhd. " Garu SC
- IbrahimDahiruMusari " G/Gabas SC
- IsaMuhd.Isa " Guri 'SC
- KabiruMusaGwaram " Hqrs
- Muhd. Shehu Vsman " Kanya SC
- Bashir Badamasi " GWW SC
- Usman Usman Zubair " HDJ SC
- AliHarunaRoni " YKS SC
- Sulaiman Alwasidi " KGM SC
- Dahiru Sa'idu Musatapha " Kiri SC
- Aliyu Abdullahi " KKM SC
- Adamu Yahaya Abubakar " Kila SC
- Mudassiru Muhd. Hassan " MMR SC
- Abubakar Usman Taura " MGA SC
- Muhd. Imam Ibrahim "sakwaya SC
- Bashir Idris " STK SC
- Kabiru Abubakar Gumel " TAR SC
- SalisuAdamu " Yalo SC
- Alhasan Muhd. Gumel " Y/Damai SC
- Mukhtar Shu aibuAdamu on course
- Adamu lmam - on course
- YahayaIbrahim - on course
- Umaru Malam - on course
- AdoMuhammad BKD - on course
- Adamulsyaku FlDutse - on course
- SammaniAbubakar - on course
- Abubakar M. Bashir - on course
- Jibrin Mhd. Mustapha - on course
- Inuwa Sa'idu Dabo - on course
- Musa Ibrahim Musa - on course
The rapid growth of the Jigawa State Judiciary and its stunning achievements over the years can vividly be seen from the graphic personnel position indicated above. This sweeping success in the area of manpower would not have been possible without the hard work, dedication and foresight of the pioneer chief Judge (Hon. Justice Tijjani Abubakar Rtd).
By 1991 when the judiciary came into being, there was only a small building in the state capital located at Garu, Dutse which was used as an Alkali Court. The situation was the same in all other parts of the state. The temporary Headquarters of the state judiciary at Birnin Kudu was built by the old Kano State judiciary as a proposed Division of the old Kano State High Court. Court rooms and offices were put up in temporary locations in most parts of the state, mostly in buildings owned by Local Government Councils.
The critical infrastructural problems bedeviling the state judiciary at its inception called for urgent solutions considering its great proportion. . .
As grave as the situation was, the patience, hard work and dedication of the pioneer Chief Judge contributed in no small measure in tackling these problems.
By 1993, the state witnessed the opening of magistrate courts in Dutse and Kafin Hausa, all in temporary sites. Magistrate courts Gwaram and Babura equally followed but also in temporary locations. Upper Area Courts Dutse, Ringim and Kafin Hausa as well as Area Courts in Gwiwa, Kaugama and Taura were all established in temporary locations.
The sweeping transformation of the state judiciary was first witnessed in 1993 with the completion of the state High Court Complex at Dutse. The Headquarters of the judiciary therefore moved to its permanent location. The construction of the new complex was funded by the Federal Government under the Military Administration.
The Sharia Court of Appeal, on moving to Dutse, was re -located at the office block known as the Advisers Office. The new High Court complex in Dutse accommodates two Chambers and courts for the two most Senior High Court Judges.
The complex also houses the office of the Chief Registrar, High Court in addition to the following departments:
- Deputy Chief Registrar's office.
- Litigation Department.
- Finance Department
- Personnel Department .
- Research, Planning, Statistics & Library Department.
- Works Department
This positive trend was also witnessed in all sectors of the judiciary throughout the state. This was evident in the construction of High Court Complexes at Hadejia and Kazaure, and High Court Judge's Residences at Hadejia and Birnin Kudu; construction of CMC Kafin Hausa, and Gwaram; Area Courts of Chamo, Sakwaya and Dabi were completed around the same period. Similarly, Chamber Libraries were established in all the five (5) Divisions of the High Court.
Justice Sector Reform Commission (J.S.R.C):
The origin of this commission started from the introduction of the Access to Justice Programme, being a programme initiated and funded by the Department for International Development (DFID), and implemented by the British Council. The programme focused on improving the quality of governance of the less privileged members of the, society and the protection of human rights. It was also meant to facilitate access to justice for the poor. The programme was first introduced in four (4) pilot states including Jigawa State. (The other three being, Benue, Ekiti and Enugu.)
The implementation of this programme in the State was one of the milestone achievements recorded by the Judiciary under the leadership of the Hon. Chief Judge, Justice Tijjani Abubakar (Rtd). The importance of the programme to the state cannot be over emphasized taking into account the fact that the population of the state was predominantly peasant farmers.
Some paper presentations and discussions made by a group of consultants on issues relating to access to justice crystallized into a consultative forum of all stakeholders in the administration of justice and eventually culminated in the establishment of Justice Sector Reform Committee in the State with the approval of the Governor.
The membership of the Committee consisted of:
- Chief Judge Chairman
- Grand Kadi Member
- D.P.P Member
- Representatives from all other stakeholders namely: Police, Prison, Bar Association, Ministry for Women Affairs, Legal Aid Council, House of Assembly and Traditional Institutions.
The Committee metamorphosed into a full-fledged Commission known as the Justice Sector Reform Commission established by a State law. Its main concern was the development of the Justice Sectors at the grassroots level.
Judicial Public Complaint Committee (J.P.C.C.)
The committee was set up by the JSC to investigate petitions and make recommendations on complaints of corruption and abuse of office by lower court judges.
Over the years, a lot of success was recorded by the committee.
Judges and Magistrates in the lower courts were put on their toes. The Committee on investigating a complaint would make its findings and send reports and recommendations to the Judicial Service Commission for implementation. The Judicial Service Commission dish out various disciplinary actions against erring officers as may be appropriate to each case.
A new salary package for the judiciary staff was approved by the government of Alhaji Sule Lamido. This is however just the beginning. In the recent past there was agitation for power of self- accounting by all state judiciaries.
The Judiciary is in full support for training of all categories of its staff both on the higher and lower bench. Jigawa State Judiciary is fully participating in all the National Judicial Institute Programmes.
Relationship with the other Arms of Government:
The relationship of the judiciary with the Executive and
Legislature has always been very cordial and harmonious. The Executive has always discharged its obligations towards the Judiciary. All the capital and recurrent budgets of the Judiciary are released by the Executive to the Judiciary leaving out no single kobo. This conducive atmosphere made it possible for the judiciary to execute all its capital projects planned for the year 2009.
Some of the capital projects executed between 2008 and 2009 are:
- Construction of Chief Magistrate Court 1,Dutse
- Construction of Chief Magistrate Court, Hadejia
- Construction of Chief Magistrate Court, Babura
- Construction of Chief Magistrate Court, Kiyawa
- Construction of Chief Magistrate Court, Maigatari
Projects under construction are:
- Chief Magistrate Court, Kirikasamma
- Residence ofHon. High Court Judge, Hadejia
- Residence of High Court Judge, Kazaure
- Residence of Chief Magistrate at Gwaram
Similarly, the following projects were executed by the Sharia Court of Appeal:
- Upper Sharia Court, Dutse
- ShariaCourt, Gwaram
- Sharia Court, Basirka
- Sharia Court, Kirikasamma
- Sharia Court, Kaugama
- Sharia Court, Sule Tankarkar
In addition to this, the judiciary has never had a cause to complain of any interference in its constitutional duty of dispensation of justice by the Executive or Legislative arms of government.