Gwaram Local Government, which has its headquarters at Gwaram, is believed to be the second most populated Local Government Area in Jigawa State. It has a total land area of 2,173 sq kilometers. According to the 2006 National Census, Gwaram Local Government Area has a population of 272, 582. Statistics also show that larger part of the population range between 16-52 years. In addition to above, though Gwaram Local Government is considered to be a semi urban area with the greater number of the population residing in the rural areas. Gwaram L.G.A came into being in 1989 when it was curved out from the then Birnin- Kudu Local Government.
The Local Government has five (5) districts and 74 village heads. It has eleven (11) political wards and two State Assembly Constituencies i.e. Fagam and Gwaram. Gwaram LGA also constitutes a federal Constituency with a member representing it in the Federal House of Representatives. Gwaram shares common borders with Birnin-Kudu Local Government on the west, Buji Local Government by the Northwest, Jama'are and Shira Local Government by the North-east, Ningi Local Government by the south- West, Darazau Local Government by the South-East and Ganjuwa Local Government by the South all in Bauchi State.
The Local Government in blessed with a number of natural resources such as black clay, quartz, tin, gum Arabic, kaolin, honey, cassava, date palm, etc.. There are five (5) grazing lands, 6 rivers, 3dams and 7 hills respectively. The nature of the land is loamy soil on which many varieties of seeds can be grown. Rainfall begins in April and ends in October. The temperature ranges between 250c - 40oc and could be as low as10-15°c during the hamatan period. The people of the area are predominantly Hausa/Fulani with some (Kanuri) Bare-bari and Warjawa.
The predominant occupation of the people of the area are farming, hunting, fishing, animal rearing, handcraft and trading. They are dominantly Muslims by religion. The average household size is 6-7 people and the literacy rate of the people is 22 percent, while the life expectancy is on the average 52years.
There are two small scale industries in Gwaram – (1) Women ceramic at Gwaram, and (2) Groundnut processing plants at Sara. Other formal economic activities include many filling stations. Major markets in Gwaram Local Government Area are:
- Sara Market
- Gwani Market
- Farin Dutse Market
- Basirka Market
- Dingaya Market
- Haya Market
- Gwaram Market
- Kila Market
- Tsangarwa market
Local Government Sources of Revenue
There are three sources of revenue for the local Government which includes:
- The statutory Allocation from Federation Account,
- The Value Added Tax (VAT) and the
- Internally Generated Revenue (IGR)
Functions of the Local Government
As provided in the fourth schedule of the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999, the functions of the Local government council include:-
- Provision and maintenance of primary, adult and vocational education.
- Development of agriculture and natural resources, and the exploitation of mineral resources.
- Provision and maintenance of primary health care services.
- Construction and maintenance of roads, street lights, drainages, and parks etc.
- Establishment, maintenance and regulation of slaughter houses, markets motor parks and public conveniences.
- Control and regulation of shops, restaurants, bakeries etc.
- Collection of rates/levy on commercial houses and other landed properties.
- Licensing of radio, television, bicycles, trucks and carts.
CHAIRMAN GWARAM LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL
Gwaram Local Government,
Gwaram, Jigawa State.